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A new and exciting concept popularly known as Transfrontier Conservation Areas is currently unfolding in Southern Africa. The Transfrontier Conservation Areas Initiative seeks to bring together established wildlife areas in the subcontinent in order to manage them as integrated units across international boundaries. The initiative is three fold involving the establishment, development and management of what on one hand is termed Transfrontier Parks (TFP) whilst on the other hand is referred to as Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs). Although the whole concept is popularly referred to as Transfrontier Conservation Areas, it is important to note that the definitions of these two are different.

Essentially a Transfrontier Park (TFP) is an area comprising two or more designated and or protected areas which border each other across international boundaries and whose primary focus is wildlife conservation. Authorities responsible for the respective areas formally agree to manage the area as one integrated unit according to a streamlined management plan and in accordance with a mutually agreed legal framework. Authorities also undertake to remove all man made barriers within the Transfrontier Park so that animals and to some extent people can move roam freely.

A Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA) on the other hand refers to a cross-border region whose different component areas have different forms of conservation status such as national parks, private game reserves, communal natural resource management areas as well as hunting concession areas. Although fences, major highways, railway lines of other forms of barriers may separate the various parts, these areas nevertheless border each other and are jointly managed for long-term sustainable use of natural resources. As opposed to Transfrontier Parks, free movement of animals between the different parts that constitute a Transfrontier Conservation Area may not always be possible.

Objectives of TFCAs

  1. To foster trans-national collaboration and cooperation between and among states through the establishment, development and management of TFCAs;
  2. Promote cooperation in the management of biological natural resources by encouraging social, economic  and other partnerships among Government, private sector, local communities and non-governmental organisations;
  3. Enhance ecosystem integrity and natural ecological processes by harmonizing wildlife management procedures across international boundaries and striving to remove artificial barriers impending natural movement of animals;
  4. Develop frameworks and strategies whereby local communities can effectively participate and tangibly benefit from the management and sustainable  use of natural resources that occur in the TFCAs;
  5.  Promote trans-border eco-tourism development as a means for fostering regional socio-economic development


Transfrontier Conservation areas act as a vehicle for conservation and sustainable use of biological and cultural resources. The main objective of TFCAs is to facilitate and promote regional peace, cooperation and socio-economic development of the Southern African sub-continent. It is an initiative that taps on the notion that nature knows no boundaries.

It is also important to note that the vision of cross-border collaboration gives effect to the stated objectives of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which aims at promoting synergy in regional initiatives for economic, social and conservation benefits over the subcontinent. Furthermore, TFCA initiatives form an integral part of NEPAD, whose ideas encompass Trans-boundary ecosystem management, integration of conservation with development for sustainability as well as the promotion of regional cooperation for peace and socio-economic development.

It is a fact that political boundaries very rarely respect ecological systems. Transfrontier Conservation initiatives thus strive to re-establish historical animal migration route and other ecosystems disrupted by fences and incompatible legislation.

The more natural ecosystems thus created would then be jointly managed according to harmonised wildlife management policies, promoting the return of larger and more resilient ecosystems with greater chances for long term sustainability while the participating countries retain sovereignty.

From a socio-economic perspective, Transfrontier Conservation initiatives create world-class eco-tourism destinations. In order for these to be effectively managed to optimise benefits for biodiversity conservation and ensure economic development of local communities, extensive Public-Private sector involvement is one of the key aspects for the success of the TFCA initiatives. It is envisaged that improving the lives of rural communities will in turn further contribute towards biodiversity conservation. It would demonstrate the economic and social advantages that can be achieved through partnerships in wildlife conservation.

In order to harmonise various management aspects of the adjoining conservation areas, guidelines are developed to address joint management issues. Efforts are also made to establish integrated tourism development plans for the areas.



  1. Greta Limpopo TFCA
  2. Kavango-Zambezi TFCA
  3. Greater Mapungubwe TFCA
  4. Chimanimani TFCA
  5. Lower Zambezi – Mana Pools TFCA




Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sri Lanka and Uganda have submitted a proposal to include all populations of Loxodonta africana (African Elephant) in Appendix I through the transfer from Appendix II of the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. This proposal will be considered at the 17thCoP in South Africa. If this sails through, the move will have serious conservation, economic and social implications for Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe position

Zimbabwe outrightly objects to this proposal.

Reasons for objecting to the proposal

  • Zimbabwe believes that natural resources (elephants and other animals)are for people (Zimbabweans) and should benefit its people (its citizens).
  • Zimbabwe has submitted a proposal to amend the annotations that are currently affecting and hindering the trade in ivory thereby depriving the Zimbabwean population of benefits from this God given natural resource.
  • The proposal is in contravention of the Convention of Biological Diversity and the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable use of Biodiversity which confirm the right and the need for the sustainable use of natural resources.
  • The protectionist idealism is contrary to economic development in Zimbabwe. The growth of the tourism economy in Zimbabwe is hinged upon the sustainable utilisation of the resources found within the country.
  • The removal of the sustainable utilisation incentive, through uplisting to Appendix I, is a monumental threat to conservation. The community livelihood interests will be threatened, which will lead to the conversion of landuse to other types of economic landuses such as cropping, mining etc. This will reduce the habitat available for the elephants and threaten the survival of the species in those areas.
  • The uplisting of the African elephant does not guarantee an increase in populations - countries in east, central and West Africa are a classical example.
  • There is an overpopulation of elephants in Zimbabwe and the ecosystem, in the major elephant range areas, is already under pressure from the high numbers. This generally tends to compromise the survival of other species of plants and animals.
  • Uplisting of species into Appendix I has failed to save populations of major wildlife species such as Rhino.


  • Zimbabwe would oppose any moves that seek to prescribe an umbrella approach to the management of African elephants particularly to range states that have proven to manage thriving elephant populations through successful conservation practices.
  • The proposed move by the proponents essentially infringes upon Zimbabwe’s sovereignty to make decisions over its wildlife resources, for the benefit of its economy and its citizens without interference.
  • Zimbabwe subscribes to the principle of sustainable utilization of its wildlife resources including that of the elephants and this practice has so far played a critical role in the social and economic betterment of its citizens.
  • CITES parties should adopt a separate approval process where countries such as Zimbabwe, with every growing populations should remain in Appendix II without annotations while countries with depleting elephant populations such as Kenya and others should be uplifted to Appendix 1 to enable their populations grow.
  • Zimbabwe believes CITES parties should NOT adopt “a one size fits all” approach and each case should be dealt with its own merits.
  • Zimbabwe’s elephant population does qualify for uplisting under the CITES criteria for listing a species in Appendix I.
  • The proposal to uplist African elephants of the stated range states to Appendix I is in its entirety is not a true reflection of the elephant situation in Africa as there are countries in Southern Africa battling with large elephant populations and overabundance in the protected areas.



Zimparks coordinates and cooperates with numerous stakeholders in a variety of projects that promote conservation. Over and above the scientific services research efforts with, there are numerous project updates and research material. Most of the following updates are from Painted Dog Hwange:

Special Project Update June 2013 Click here to view full article

National Leopard Project Introduction Click here to view full article

Project update March 2012 Click here to view full article

Painted Dog End of Year Report 2011 Click here to view full article

Project update July - August 2011 Click here to view full article

Project update May - June 2011 Click here to view full article

Project Update - April 2011 Click here to view full article

Painted Dog End of Year Report 2010  Click here to view full article

Zebras in the mist - January 2011  Click here to view full article

Fire in the Gonarezhou National Park Click here to view full article

Painted dog project update September - October 2010 Click here to view full article

Painted dog project update May - June 2010 Click here to view full article


  1. The primary role of the Scientific Services is to carry out the necessary research to underpin this policy and to provide technical advice to the Director General for the implementation of policy. 
  2. The major responsibility of the section is to maintain biodiversity through conservation of ecosystems, species and ecological processes so as to enable natural selection to operate on wild populations. This involves planning management, research, monitoring and extension throughout Zimbabwe, with the primary emphasis on the Parks and Wildlife Estate. These activities take place along continuum ranging from total preservation to full scale sustainable use for economic gain. All are interlinked and entail responsibilities for both Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecologists.
  3. The section should be prepared to undertake problem-orientated research in any area or to secure the necessary inputs from outside its ranks if unable to do so. Of necessity, this role implies a broad range of skills and training, and considerable flexibility and adaptability amongst the staff.



The following inventory includes requirements of both aquatic and terrestrial Ecologists and it is clear that many of the research requirements require additional disciplines;

1. Assist in the preparation of Park Plans

  • Define, describe, delineate ecosystems
  • Produce inventories of species
  • Design adaptive management systems for species, habitats and tourisms
  • Define permissible limits to change in ecosystem components
  • Develop methodologies for habitat assessment
  • Monitor those essential variables which will provide the data to assess sustainable carrying capacities of protected areas for various uses and users

2.   Environmental protection

  • Integrated environmental management
  • Environmental impact assessments

3.  Species protection and management

  • Recommend schedules of species which should be legally protected
  • Establish criteria and controls for utilisation of protected species (including plants)
  • Develop a crisis action programme for black and white rhino
  • Recommend on protection measures

4.  Ecological research and management

  • Develop a research programme for elephants
  • Develop a national ornithological programme incorporating research, conservation and utilisation which includes collaboration with other individuals and organisations locally and internationally
  • Improve veterinary aspects of  and develop appropriate regulations for capture and movement of wildlife
  • Examine genetic implications of wildlife translocation for small populations and captive breeding systems
  • Develop biological research programmes for capture fishers that are responsive to the needs of local communities
  • Develop breeding and stocking programmes for exotic and indigenous fish species for angling where appropriate
  • Improve management and controls on sport fisheries
  • Carry out production oriented research and set up demonstration units for aqua culture
  • Conduct appropriate research for intensive wildlife industries such as crocodile and ostrich farming and the indigenous silk moths (Gonometa spp)

5.      Sustainable utilisation

  • Delineate areas and allocate quotas for sport hunting in the Estate
  • Assess and approve quotas in areas where hunting is legally restricted
  • Develop methods for setting communal area quotas
  • Develop methods for improving data collection systems in capture fisheries and analyze existing data

6.      Economics

  • Carry out basic research in land use economics
  • Evaluate efficiency and cost effectiveness of protected area management
  • Public use of the Parks and Wildlife Estates
  • Advice on issuance of permits related to wildlife trade and other activities
  • Develop pricing policies and marketing systems
  • Assist in the development of tourism standard
  • Monitor and evaluate relative values of different wildlife management systems
  • Evaluate economic potential of sport fisheries

7.      Develop institutions which:-

  • Provide equitable economically sound opportunities for allocation of access to the Parks Estate
  • Provide appropriate authority and resource rights to local communities for both aquatic and terrestrial resources on their lands and waters
  • Ensure that landholders are beneficiaries of their wildlife management
  • Assist producers in international marketing
  • Develop tourism in communal areas
  • Address problem animal control
  • Recover costs from polluters, particularly in areas of water pollution

8.      Monitor the following and establish databases (including Geographic Information Systems) where appropriate:-

  • Soil erosion in the Parks and Wildlife Estate
  • Key ecosystem components in Protected Areas
  • Key species throughout Zimbabwe
  • Rare or threatened species throughout Zimbabwe
  • Status and trends in rhino populations
  • Captive breeding programmes
  • Law enforcement effort and illegal activity
  • Economic status and trends of the wildlife industry throughout Zimbabwe
  • Tourism (trends, income, impacts)
  • Access to areas of all resources (e.g. contracts, leases, agreements)
  • Ecological status and trends of the wildlife industry throughout Zimbabwe
  • Translocation of wildlife
  • Problem animal control
  • Utilisation of wildlife throughout Zimbabwe
  • Sport hunting (off take, economics)
  • Trading wildlife and wildlife products
  • Ivory and rhino horn stock
  • Other wildlife products
  • Performance of other appropriate authorities
  • Catch and effort data and biomass of existing stocks and capture fisheries
  • Sport fisheries catches
  • Water pollution including pesticides and nutrient levels and sources of pollution
  • General limnology of water bodies in the Parks and Wildlife Estates

9.      Control

  • Examine alternatives to conventional methods of problem animal control
  • Devise appropriate methods for quelea control
  • In conjunction with other agencies, devise and implement methods to control water pollution in the waters of Parks and Wildlife Estates and relevant watersheds
  • In conjunction with other agencies, devise and implement methods to control aquatic weed infestations in all water bodies

10.  Extension

  • Provide extension advice
  • Prepare reports, manuals, guidelines
  • Prepare interpretative material on rare and endangered species
  • Collaborate with department of Agritex to provide extension services for aquaculture and game ranching

11.  Collaborate with, cooperate with and coordinate:-

  • Other land use agencies
  • Non-governmental organisations
  • District councils
  • Producer associations
  • International conservation organisations
  • External researchers



Contacts: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Cell: 07767739071/0735607804


Professional Qualifications:

2013 Dhil Environmental Science NUST (thesis submitted)

1997- MSc in Conservation Biology (Canterbury, U. K.)

1985- MSc in Agriculture (Kharkov, Ukraine)

1985- Cert. Education (Kharkov)

1994- Cert. Remote Sensing

1994- Cert. Project Appraisal and Quantitative Methods

1994- Cert. Basic and Micro Economics

1999- Cert. Biodiversity management (Japan)



Years in Service: 29 Years

Merits/Awards:    Wildlife Society Research Award

                               University of Zululand Research Awards

Personal philosophy

Sound earthkeeping through innovations in research and community outreach

Personal achievements: Author of several environmental science books

                                         University lectureships in Environment disciplines

Responsibilities:   Mentorship of researchers

                               Environmental assessments

                               Ecological assessments

Authorship of research work


a)  Environmental Assessments b)  Environmental Management Systems

c)  Forestry d)  Ecology e)  Wildlife Biology f)  Ecotourism g)  Community Natural Resource Management h)  Land use planning  i)  Park planning j)  Water quality monitoring    


Vegetation survey of the Sinamatella area, Hwange National Park:

National Parks inventory. Air photos (1: 80 000), phytosociological sampling, notes on reordering. Dyeline map @ 1: 80 000  19 vegetation types/map units detailed

a)        Training Workshops:

Four Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) training workshops held.

b)       Government Advisory Committees

  • Consultant in the Zimbabwe delegation to the Transfrontier Conservation Area Technical Subcommittee of the Mozambique Gaza Contada/South Africa Kruger National Park/Zimbabwe Gonarezhou National Park

c)        Service to NGO’s

  • Consultant to NGO’s SAFIRE and ZIRRCON.




a)        Books:

GonarezhouNational Park Management Plan. 2000 National Parks and Wildlife Management. 200 p


b)        The guardians of space and happiness: The QED for climate change. Austin Macauley Book Publishers. London. 98 p. 2014.  ISBN 978-1849635219



c)        Real hunting the real way in Zimbabwe. Raider International Book Publishers. New York. 98 p

d)       Human-wildlife-mining conflict in Zimbabwe. Raider International Book Publishers. New York. 98 p

e)         Water in lowlands “The Hub” of things: A synopsis of rising concerns. (just completed for Austin Macauley Publishers. 320 p)


PUBLICATIONS (in refereed Journals 20 Papers):

Albano,G., Campbell,B.M., Foote, L., Gambiza, J., Grundy, I.,  N’gonu, C.TAFANGENYASHA, C.) (2000) The ecological impacts of IlalaPalm(Hyphaenepetersiana utilization. In:IES Working Paper NO.15. The ecology, control and economics of Ilala Palm in Sengwe Communal Area, Zimbabwe. University of Zimbabwe. (Chapter 4) Pages 30-41.  

Grundy, I. M., Campbell, B. M., Balebereho, S., Cunliffe, R., TAFANGENYASHA, C. Fergusson, R. and Parry, D. 1993. Availability and use of trees in Mutanda Ressettlement Area, Zimbabwe. Forest Ecology and Management 56, 243-266.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. Atkinson and Jones, M. A. 1994. Diamond prospecting in GonarezhouNational Park by Rio Tinto Zimbabwe Ltd-preliminary impact statement. Project report No. GNP/1/1A/1. DNPWLM and Rio Tinto Zimbabwe Limited. Harare. 26 p.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. and Campbell, B. M. 1995. Past human activities in the Sinamatella area of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Journal of Applied Science in Southern Africa 1, 63-71.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. 1994. Rehabilitation of degraded mopane soils in a wildlife area: a review of options for the Sinamatella area of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Science News Vol. 28, 5-7.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. 1995. Distribution and status of the of the Ostrich in the Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe. Transactions of the Zimbabwe Scientific Association 69, 1-4.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. 1997. Tree loss in the GonarezhouNational Park (Zimbabwe) between 1970 and 1983. Journal of Environmental Management 49, 355-366.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. 1997. Should Benji Dam be dredged? A preliminary impact assessment to dredging a water reservoir in an African national park. Environmentalist 17, 191-195

TAFANGENYASHA, C. and Campbell, B.M. 1998. Initiation and maintenance of degraded landscape in the Sinamatella area of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Journal of Environmental Management 52, 69-78

TAFANGENYASHA, C. 1998. Phenology and mortality of common woody plants during and after a severe drought in South-eastern Zimbabwe. Transactions of the Zimbabwe Scientific Association 72, 1-6.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. (Editor) (2000) GonarezhouNational Park Management Plan: 1998-2002. Department of National Parks and Widlife Management. Ministry of Mines, Environment and Tourism. 170 p

TAFANGENYASHA, C. (2001) Decline of Brachystegia glaucescens in the GonarezhouNational Park, southeastZimbabwe. Journal of Environmental Management 63, 37-50.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. (in press) Vegetation of the Matobo National Park, south western Zimbabwe. Kirkia

TAFANGENYASHA, C. and Dube, L.T. (in press) Can phosphate recovery be an option to reducing phosphate loads in agricultural persistent point source nutrient discharges in southeast Zimbabwe? International Journal of Environmental Studies (Francis and Taylor Accepted)

TAFANGENYASHA, C. and Dube, L.T.(2008) An investigation of the impacts of agricultural runoff on the water quality and aquatic organisms in a lowveld sand river system in southeast Zimbabwe. Water Resources Management Journal 22, 119-130.

TAFANGENYASHA, C.andDzinomwa, T. (2005) Land-use impacts on river water quality in lowveld sand river systems in south-east Zimbabwe. Land-use and Water Resources Research5, 3.1-3.10.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. and Dube, L. T. (2008) Evaluation of the usefulness of the South African Scoring Systems in a savanna river. Tropical and Subtr opical Agroecosystems Journal 8, 135-144.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. Mthembu AT, Chkoore, H., Ndimande, N., Xulu, S. and Gcwensa, N.  In Press.Seedbank and its influence on the colonization of supercritically degraded landscapes. International Journal Agricultural Research.

TAFANGENYASHA, C., Marshall, B. E and L. T. Dube (2010). The diurnal variation of the physico-chemical parameters of a lowland river flow in a semi-arid landscape with human interferences in Zimbabwe. International Research. Journal for Water Environment and EngineeringVol. 2(6), pp. 137–147.

TAFANGENYASHA, C. Mthembu AT, Chkoore, H., Ndimande, N., Xulu, S. and Gcwensa, N.  2011. The effects of soil density on the vegetation of the Umfolozi catchment in South Africa. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 2, pp. 14–24

TAFANGENYASHA, C. Mthembu AT, Chkoore, H., Ndimande, N., Xulu, S. and Gcwensa, N.  2011. Rangeland characteristics of a supercritical degraded landscape in the semi-arid area of South Africa. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 2, pp. 80–87.



f)         Reports:


i) World Bank Zimbabwe Conservation Project: Outputs:

GonarezhouNational Park Management Planning Programme: Planning issues. Phase 1. March 1993. 21 p. Produced for Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Harare.

ii) World Bank Zimbabwe Conservation Project: Outputs:

GonarezhouNational Park Management Programme:

Management Options. Phase 2. May 1993. 39 p. Produced for Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Harare.

iii) World Bank Zimbabwe Conservation Project: Outputs:

GonarezhouNational Park Management Plan. Phase 3. October 1993. 130 p. Produced for Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Harare.

iv) World BankZimbabwe Conservation Project: 1994 Outputs:

Gonarezhou National Park Background reports. Produced for the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Harare.

v) Wildlife utilization scheme: Feasibility study of the emergent conservancy in the Gonakudzingwa combining ten small scale commercial farms. 30 p. 200

vi)Wildlife utilization scheme: Feasibility study of the Chizvirizvi and NyangombeRessettlement Schemes. Report produced for the Chiredzi Rural District Council. 40 p.

vii)Wildlife populations in the proposed conservation belt around Manyuchi Dam, Southern Zimbabwe. 10 p.

viii)EIA forTourism projects at Manyuchi Dam, Southern Zimbabwe. 10 p. 2001

ix) The biodiversity of Manjinji Animal Sanctuary Pan in Southeast Zimbabwe. Report for SAFIRE 70 p. 2002

x) Biodiversity and factors influencing condition in the Chipinge and Chiredzi Districts. 186 p. Report produced for United Nations Development Programme.1999

xi)GonarezhouNational Park: A synopsis of potential sites for leasing and investment. 40 p. National Parks 2002

xii)KyleRecreationalPark: A synopsis of potential sites for leasing and investment. 40 p.

xiii)Results of a feasibility study into the potential of ChiwaraMountain (Gutu area, Zimbabwe) as a viable wildlife conservation area. 60 p. ZIRRCON. 2000

xiv)Transfrontier Conservation Area Planning (Peace Parks Planning) of the Mozambique Gaza Contada/South Africa Kruger National Park/Zimbabwe Gonarezhou National Park. 2003

xv) Ostrich feasibility study and insight into Ostrich management. Project report for the FreeMethodistLundiChristianHigh School. 2004

xvi)Malangani Ranch gemsbok habitat suitability assessment. Report for the Wildlife Producers Association.2004

xvii)Environmental Impact Assessment for the proposed Limestone Extraction Project and Cement Factory at Mushandike, Masvingo, Zimbabwe. Report for the Marondera Tannery. 2005

xviii) Environmental Impact Assessment for a small scale riversand mining project on upstream Gway iRiver in UmguzaDistrict,westernZimbabwe.   2006

xviii) Decomissioning impact analysis of Buchwa Mine near Zvishavane. Buchwa Mine 40 p. 2001

xix) NtambananaMunicipality (South Africa) Environmental Management Development Framework. 300 p. May 2010


Mrs. Rose Mandisodza-Chikerema is a dedicated conservationist with 10 years’ work experience in wildlife ecology working for the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (ZPWMA). Her research interest includes large carnivore management, animal welfare for wildlife in captivity, wildlife utilization and environmental impact assessments. Mrs. Chikerema has vast experience in feasibility assessments for wildlife ranching in areas outside Protected Areas (Private Game Farms).


  1. Master of Science Tropical Resource Ecology (University of Zimbabwe)
  2. Bachelor of Environmental Science in (Honours) in Wildlife and Rangeland Management (Bindura University of Science Education)

B.Sc. (Hons) Wildlife and Safari Management, Chinhoyi University of Technology

Cheryl Tinashe Mabika is an ecologist with the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (ZPWMA), Scientific Services Department. She obtained a degree in Wildlife and Safari Management at Chinhoyi University of Technology in 2013. She also did her internship at Gonarezhou National Park for a year. She has done research in Spatial distribution patterns and trends in vegetation across areas of different land use.

Research Work

  • Thesis: Vegetation structure and composition across areas of different land-use in Gonarezhou National Park and adjacent campfire hunting areas, South-eastern Zimbabwe.
  • Zisadza-Gandiwa P., Mabika C.T., Kupika O.L., Gandiwa E. and Murungweni C. (2013) Vegetation structure and composition across areas of different land-uses in a  semiarid savanna  of Southern Zimbabwe. International Journal of Biodiversity. Volume 3:2013

 Name:  Itai Hilary Tendaupenyu

Job Title:  Principal Ecologist and Officer-in-Charge Lake Kariba Fisheries Research Institute

D.O.B:  4th November 1980

Qualifications: Master of Fisheries Science (Pukyong National University)

                            Master of Science Tropical Resource Ecology (UZ)

                            Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Biological Sciences (UZ)

Specialization: Fisheries Resource Management and Assessment, Fisheries Investment Appraisal, Fisheries Economics, Fisheries Bioeconomic Modeling, Fisheries Trade and Management Policy, International Fisheries Law, Climate Change and Ecosystems, Limnology.

Research Work Underway:                        

  1. Analytical models using growth populations to determine kapenta stock and sustainability parameters in Lake Kariba: Length frequency analysis of kapenta is underway with samples collected from different basins of Lake Kariba every month.
  2. Limnology: Water quality monitoring throughout Lake Kariba is where parameters such as dissolved oxygen, turbidity, pH, conductivity, nitrogen and phosphorous content of the lake are measured and compared throughout the year to shifts and effects on productivity on the lake.
  3. Changes in fish species diversity in artisanal fish catches - Collection and analysis of catch data is underway. Species diversity trends over time and space are analysed to provide performance of the artisanal fishery in Lake Kariba and also to assess the health of the fishery.
  4. Ecology of Tigerfish in Lake Kariba: Analysing catch trends and effect of declining kapenta populations in Lake Kariba on tigerfish stock and consequences of changes on the ecosystem.
  5. Effect of Climate Change on Zooplankton production in Lake Kariba: So far it has been established that temperatures above 28oC lead to a decline in algae populations and promote blue-green algae growth. The latter is not palatable to zooplankton. Since Lake Kariba waters have warmed up over the years and temperatures are consistently above 28oC it is important to assess the zooplankton response to this alteration of the food chain with particular interest in how this ultimately affects kapenta production since zooplankton is the primary feed for the clupeid.


Utete, B., Mutasa, L., Ndhlovu, N., Tendaupenyu I.H. 2013, Impact of Aquaculture on Water Quality in Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Aquaculture, 2013, Vol.3, No.4, 11-16.

In Press:

Chitate, M.T., Utete,B., Phiri,C., Ndhlovu,N., Tendaupenyu,I.H., Diet spectrum and feed composition of Hydrocynus Vittatus, Castelnau, 1861 in Lake Kariba: Has there been a shift in the last decades?

Tendaupenyu, I.H., Pyo, Hee-dong., Zhang C., A comparative analysis of Surplus production and Analytical Models in Assessing Kapenta, Limnothrissa miodon, stock in Lake Kariba.

Tendaupenyu, I.H., Using modeling as a management tool in managing water resources: A Lake Chivero Case Study.

Tendaupenyu, I.H., Self-purification of streams using wetlands: The Mukuvisi River, Harare Zimbabwe

MSc Conservation Biology (University of Cape Town, South Africa)

 Forest Resources and Wildlife Management (NUST, Zimbabwe)                                                                

Lovelater joined ZPWMA in 2014. She is interested in raptors and has worked on a raptor bird projects. She did her industrial attachment with the African Birds of Prey Sanctuary, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.  She has worked as a research assistant for Avisense Consulting in Cape Town and also for Peter Mundy at the National University of Science and Technology.  Her Honours project was on the sexing of Long-crested eagles in the field. Her MSc project was on Black Sparrowhawks. She is also currently doing some work on owls, vultures and the Black stork.


  • Jenkins A.R., De Goede K.H., Sebele L. and Diamond M. (2013). Brokering a settlement between raptors and industry: sustainable management of large eagles nesting on power infrastructure – Bird Conservation International.
  • Martin R., Sebele L., Koeslag A.  Curtis O., Abadi, F., Amar A. (In press). Phenological shifts assist colonization of a novel environment in a range-expanding raptor – Oikos.

Mr. Ashley Mudungwe joined the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (ZPWMA) in March 2014. Before joining the ZPWMA Ashley worked with the Dambari Wildlife Trust as a Conservation Education and Research Officer from January 2009 to June 2010.  Ashley has a BSc. (Hon) degree in Forest Resources and Wildlife Management with the National University of Science and Technology (NUST) which he completed in 2008. He also has a certificate in Cheetah Conservation Biology which he obtained from the Cheetah Conservation Fund (Namibia) in 2008. Between 2010 and 2012, Ashley completed a Master of Science degree in Environmental Informatics (GIS and Remote Sensing) with the University of Leicester, UK. His research interests are in the Human-predator conflict issues, Land Use/Cover Change and GIS and Remote Sensing applications.

Mr. Kuvawoga is a planner by profession. He has been with the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority for the past 8years. He holds a Bachelor of Science Honors degree in Rural and Urban Planning and a Masters in Environmental Policy and Planning both obtained from the University of Zimbabwe. Currently he is the Principal Planning officer for ZimParks and resident ecologist for the Mid- Zambezi Valley, spear heading preparation of park management plans, control of physical developments within parks estates and terrestrial research. His research interest includes climate change and impacts on wildlife, human-wildlife conflict, land use and land use change, environmental design, wildlife utilization, spatial modeling, planning and environmental impact assessments. Mr. Kuvawoga has vast experience in wildlife surveys and preparation of feasibility assessments for wildlife farming and environmental management projects.