Zimparks

MATIPANO

 

G. MATIPANO

ZIMBABWE PARKS AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

2014 WORLD RHINO DAY COMMEMORATION

THE VENUE

AVONDALE, HARARE

22 SEPTEMBER 2014

 

TOPICS TO BE COVERED

•Conservation status of rhinos
•Rhino policy and its objectives
•Strategies- national, regional and international.
 
CONSERVATION STATUS
 
Rhino species
•Black rhinoceros,   Diceros bicornis
•White rhinoceros,   Ceratotherium simum

Continental figures

•Black- c. 5 000
•White- > 20 000
 
Conservation status
 
•As at 30 June 2014 Zimbabwe has 766 rhinos (304 white rhinos and 462 black rhinos) – small populations.PARKS
 
•NATIONAL LEVEL: “Specially Protected Species”- according to the Parks and Wildlife Act Chapter 20:14 meaning that rhinos are being afforded the highest level of legal protection in the country.
 
•GLOBAL LEVEL: Endangered species- according to the IUCN Red List Data because their population sizes are low and the species are being threatened with extinction.
 
•Listed on CITES Appendix 1 –meaning that international commercial trade in rhinos and their products is not allowed

RHINO POPULATION SIZE AND POACHING TRENDS

 

POPULATION SIZE

Dec

2012

Dec

2013

Jan-June

2014

TRENDS

Black rhino

424

457

462

Increasing

White rhino

284

296

304

Increasing

TOTAL

708

753

766

Increasing

POACHING

23

17

4

Decreasing

RHINO POLICY: 2011-2016

LONG-TERM VISION: To increase Zimbabwe’s black and white rhino populations, to levels of at least 2 000 individuals of each species through meta-population management in suitable habitats throughout the country.

TARGETS:  To achieve meta-population of 550 black rhinos and 370 white rhinos by 2016

DG

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES:

1- Ensuring the effective protection of all sub-populations of both species, if necessary consolidating vulnerable subpopulations into more secure areas if a given subpopulation cannot be effectively protected with available resources

2- Implementing effective biological and ecological management and monitoring of each rhino population and their effective habitats to achieve optimum growth rates

3-Facilitating the development of social and economic policies and activities that serve to enhance rhino conservation and its sustainability (incentives)

4- Ensuring that sufficient and appropriately trained human resources, equipment and financing are mobilized, available and developed efficiently (capacity building/resource mobilization)

 5-Ensuring effective coordination and collaboration nationally and internationally to achieve these strategic objectives, including accountability, monitoring and evaluation

 
 
STRATEGIES

•National level

•Regional level

•International level

National

Collaborative approach: Public-private collaboration.PR

•All rhino custodians and other stakeholders meet annually (consultative meetings) to prepare rhino management workplans and mobilize resources.Joint law enforcement programmes with ZRP, ZNA, private rhino custodians.

Physical protection of the rhinos in the field-This is done by both Government and private rhino custodians. This involves aerial and ground (foot, vehicle, river) patrols.Selected few areas where resources have been concentrated and these include Intensive protection zones and conservancies
Dehorning of rhinos to create disincentive to poacher
Rhino marking that include collaring and ear-notching and for individual rhino identification and monitoring and for informed deployments
Fencing of rhino areas to prevent rhinos from straying into hostile areas and for ease of detecting incursions
Intelligence gathering and sharing
Capture and relocation- Stray rhinos, from insecure areas, for veterinary care, for breeding puropose, removing surplus rhinos
Conservation education and awareness targeting-
a)law enforcement agencies (intelligence units, arresting authorities, judiciary and prosecution)
b)Local communities and the general public so that they see and appreciate the value of wildlife and support Government conservation efforts
Community Participation and Benefits (more effort, work needs to be done here)
-Rhino areas such as Malilangwe, Imire work closely with local communities supporting community development projects
-a model is being developed on how to work with local communities in the Save Valley Conservancy
 
Training:
•Continue training rangers in battle tactics, fieldcraft and tracking
•Scene of crime attendance.
•Management of exhibits: Ensure exhibits requiring expert analysis are properly packaged and sent to Forensic Science laboratory, Government Analyst or properly accredited institution for forensic and DNA analysis.
REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL STRATEGIES
 
•Transboundary collaborations with neighbouring countries, and rhino range states etc, to protect the rhinos and to curb illegal trade in rhino productsrhinod
ollaboration with other international law enforcement agencies, e.g. Interpool for intelligence sharing and during investigations. This involves working with transit and consumer countries of rhino products. Direct access to the INTERPOL I – 24/7 global communication system and database. Make use of INTERPOL Global databases on names, fingerprints, DNA, firearms identification and notices.
 
CHALLENGES
 
•Poaching- armed (firearms), chemical although to date no rhinos have been poisoned.
•Resource constraints- e.g. Field equipment, transport, manpower
•Illegal movement of rhino products (transit agents and countries)
•Demand of rhino products continues to exist
•Small subpopulations, skewed sex-ratio of breeders

                    The End              -          Thank you

 

 


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